11. Aralık 2012 · Yorumlar Kapalı · Categories: Azerbaycan Türkçesi, Türk Lehçeleri

Azerbaijani Alphabet

Hərflər Letters Nümunələr (Examples) As in the word
Аа (а) Ata, imla (father, dictation) Father
Bb (bе) Böyük, məktəb(big, school) Big
Cc (cе) Cavab, аğаc (answer, tree) Jam
Çç (çе) Çаy, çiçək (tea, flower) Check
Dd (dе) Dağ, qənd (mountain, sugar) Day
Ее (е) Elm, neft (science, oil) End, elephant
Əə (ə) Ət, dərs (meat, lesson) Man, bad
Ff (fе) Fəhlə, şarf Factory, scarf
Gg (ge) Gəmi, gün (close to English “g” in “give, singer”)
Ğğ (ğe) Oğlan, bağ (boy, garden) (close to French “r”in “pardon”)
Hh (hе) Həftə, hava (week, air) Hand, here
Хх (хе) Xəritə, yaxşı (close to Scottish “ch”in “loch”) Hobby
(ı) Bıçaq, balıq (knife, fish) (close to English “y”in ”symbol”)
İi (i) İndi, inək (now, cow) Beach, leave
Jj (jе) Jurnal, qaraj (magazine, garage) Garage, massage
Кк (ка) Kartof, fizika (potato, physics) Cat ,class, cabbage
Qq (qе) Qapı, qaşıq(door, spoon) Go, get
Ll (el) Lampa, palto (lamp, coat) Lamp,lemon
Mm (еm) Mavi, pambıq (blue, cotton) Map, machine
Nn (еn) Ana, nahar (mother, dinner) Nine, next
Оо (о) Otaq, orta (room, middle) Boss, often
Öö (ö) Çörək, ördək(bread, duck) Burn, earn
Pp (pе) Pəncərə, pendir (window, cheese) Pen, pencil
Rr (еr) Radio, armud (radio, pear) Red
Ss (еs) Süd, su (milk,water) City, side
Şş (şе) Şorba, şam (soup, candle) Shy, shine
Tt (tе) Tarix, mətn (history, text) Text, time
Uu (u) Uşaq, qum (child, sand) Moon, soup
Üü (ü) Üzüm, üz (grape, face) (very close to German- Übung)
Vv (vе) Valideyn, divar (parents, wall) Vital, vast
Yy (yе) Yay, yeni (summer, new) Yes, yesterday
Zz (zе) Mağaza, zavod (shop, plant) Zebra, zero

Vowel Harmony
In Azerbaijani there is a phenomenon called vowel harmony in which the vowels of suffixes must harmonize with the vowels of noun and verb stems, for example, if the stem has a hard vowel (a, ı, o, u), then the vowel of the suffix must be hard; if the stem has a soft vowel (e, ə, i, ö, ü), then the suffix must be soft. For example:

kitab+lar (lar- plural suffix) books
kitab+ın (Genetive case) book’s
zavod+un (Genetive case) plant’s
gül+lər (plural) flowers
məktəb+ə (dative case) to school

Note: This lesson is published under the Public Domain License.